Comportamientos relacionados con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en estudiantes universitarios

Resumen

Introduction: The scientific literature has reported the trend of the impact of non- communicable diseases on public health, and therefore, the investment of resources that interfere in the development of a country.

Objective: To identify the presence of specific behaviors associated with the development of chronic non-communicable diseases in university students, since they are a susceptible population to the modification of these tendencies.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on a 375 university students’ sample. The stepwise method was applied to identify risk factors associated with the development of chronic non-communicable diseases. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis were used to determine possible relationships between the variables studied.

Results: The prevalence of tobacco use was 7.5%, frequent alcohol consumption was 91.5%, fruit intake was 96.3%, and vegetable intake was 95%. Additionally, only 48% of the sample practiced intense physical activity. Also, a relationship among the male sex, with the consumption of tobacco and the practice of low physical activity was found.

Conclusions: Behaviors associated with chronic non-communicable diseases such as alcohol and tobacco consumption were identified in university students.

 

Biografía del autor/a

Piedad Rocío Lerma Castaño, MSc., Fundación Universitaria María Cano

Fisioterapeuta. Msc. en neurorehabilitación.

Carlos Alberto Jaimes Guerrero, Mg., Universidad de Pamplona.

Licenciado en lenguas extranjeras Inglés - Francés. Especialista en gestión educativa. Especialista en traducción de texto escrito. Magíster en educación.

Sonia Carolina Mantilla Toloza, MSc. PhD., Universidad de Pamplona

Fisioterapeuta. Especialista en pedagogía universitaria. MSc. en salud pública. PhD. en ejercicio físico, fisioterapia y salud.

Dolly Castro Betancourt, MSc., Universidad Surcolombiana

Enfermera. MSc. en epidemiología y salud pública.

Gladys Tamayo Perdomo, MSc., Fundación Universitaria Maria Cano

Fisioterapeuta. Especialista en docencia univeristaria. MSc. en discapacidad.

Martha Florelia Antolínez Álvarez, Rehabilitamos IPS

Fisioterapeuta. Especialista en gerencia de la salud ocupacional.

Omar Alberto Alvarado Rozo, Mg., Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia UNAD

Licenciado en Filosofía. Profesional de teología. Magíster en docencia e investigación universitaria con énfasis en pedagogía. 

Citas

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Publicado
2021-11-24
Cómo citar
Lerma Castaño, P., Jaimes Guerrero, C., Mantilla Toloza, S., Castro Betancourt, D., Tamayo Perdomo, G., Antolínez Álvarez, M., & Alvarado Rozo, O. (2021). Comportamientos relacionados con las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en estudiantes universitarios. Revista Médica De Risaralda, 27(2). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.utp.edu.co/index.php/revistamedica/article/view/24673
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